Reducing Costs and Saving Lives

April 10, 2018

Sick newborns often rely on a ventilator to supply oxygen, and are tethered by a plastic endotracheal tube (ETT).  Often-times, this tube accidentally pops out.  This represents the fourth most common complication experienced by newborns in NICUs.  It can cause oxygen deficiency (hypoxia), high carbon dioxide levels in the blood, trauma to their airway, intraventricular hemorrhage, code ...

The P-Hack

April 10, 2018

It’s been said that statistics can be used to prove just about anything.  Take, for example, one study that I recently read about, which examined the link between vegetarianism among pregnant women and an increased risk of drug and alcohol abuse among their children.  The study examined over 5,000 women and their children, and finding that if their mothers ate little to no meat while ...

Working Towards the Elimination of Perinatal Hepatitis B Infection

April 10, 2018

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection  is a serious illness in the newborn and young infant.  The virus,  first discovered in the mid-1960s, is transmitted through percutaneous (i.e., puncture through skin) or mucosal (i.e., direct contact with mucous membranes) exposure to infectious blood or body fluids. The  virus is highly infectious, can be transmitted in the absence of visible blood, and ...

Unraveling Fragile X Syndrome

November 28, 2017

In 1943, Julia Bell and James Martin first described the sex-linked heritable condition now termed Fragile X Syndrome (FXS). In their paper, “A Pedigree of Mental Deficit Showing Sex-Linkage”, they described a single kindred in which eleven males spanning two generations  exhibited mental deficiency. After detailed investigation, the researchers concluded that the condition was ...