Congenital Cytomegalovirus Infection and Hearing Loss

March 16, 2017

It has been over 50 years that the association between congenital Cytomegalovirus (CMV)  infection and hearing loss was described by Medearis et al. During that time, advances in understanding the pathogenesis and the natural history of the disease have been made. It is now acknowledged that CMV infection is not only the most common congenital viral infection in the world but also the leading ...

Supporting Universal Antenatal Pertussis Vaccination

July 20, 2016

Pertussis (Whooping Cough) is a serious health issue, especially in the very young infant. It is caused by a bacteria, Bordetella pertussis, and is transmitted person to person via aerosol droplets usually by coughing or sneezing. The illness typically begins with cold-like symptoms which may then progress to the characteristic paroxysms of cough terminating with an inspiratory whoop. In young ...

Tetanus Elimination: An Amazing Public Health Achievement

June 14, 2016

Neonatal tetanus is one form of a devastating illness with a very high mortality rate. The illness was recognized by Hippocrates as early as the 5th century BC. The causative bacterium and its exotoxin were identified in the late 1800s. An effective toxoid vaccine was developed in 1924 and widely used during World War II to prevent tetanus induced by battle wounds. The illness itself is ...

The Zika Virus and Microcephaly

April 20, 2016

Zika virus is an arthropod-borne flavivirus discovered in Africa in 1947. When infected by the virus, most persons are asymptomatic or demonstrate generally mild, self-limited illness characterized by fever, rash, arthralgia, and conjunctivitis. The first widespread outbreak of the Zika virus was recognized on Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia, in 2007, followed by outbreaks in Southeast ...