Tetanus Elimination: An Amazing Public Health Achievement

June 14, 2016

Neonatal tetanus is one form of a devastating illness with a very high mortality rate. The illness was recognized by Hippocrates as early as the 5th century BC. The causative bacterium and its exotoxin were identified in the late 1800s. An effective toxoid vaccine was developed in 1924 and widely used during World War II to prevent tetanus induced by battle wounds. The illness itself is ...

The Zika Virus and Microcephaly

April 20, 2016

Zika virus is an arthropod-borne flavivirus discovered in Africa in 1947. When infected by the virus, most persons are asymptomatic or demonstrate generally mild, self-limited illness characterized by fever, rash, arthralgia, and conjunctivitis. The first widespread outbreak of the Zika virus was recognized on Yap Island, Federated States of Micronesia, in 2007, followed by outbreaks in Southeast ...

Antibiotics and Severe Acute Malnutrition

April 12, 2016

Childhood undernutrition is a major global health problem and severe acute malnutrition remains a major cause of childhood mortality. It is estimated that 19 million preschool age children, mostly from the World Health Organization African and South-East Asia Regions, suffer from severe acute malnutrition, contributing to major childhood morbidity, mortality, intellectual impairment, and disease ...

Stunted Growth & Diet

March 16, 2016

Although nutritional interventions such as Ready to Use Therapeutic Foods (RUTF) have been effective in the management of severe acute malnutrition, the presence of growth failure among the world’s children suggests persistent chronic malnutrition and begs a better understanding of its pathophysiology. Globally, approximately 25% of all children less than 5 years of age demonstrate stunted ...